Install and enable anti-spyware software. Do not allow any named pipes to be accessed anonymously. Group Policy tools use Administrative template files to populate policy settings in the user interface. Do you see the option underneath this setting (when selected) that says “Setting Details” – select this now. This is the first part of a multi part series looking at the settings within Windows Server that are looked at as part of a standard build review. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Web Server Hardening Checklist Terminal Server Hardening Checklist. Require strong (Windows 2000 or later) session keys. At a minimum, SpyBot Search and Destroy should be installed. Still worth a look-see, though. The CIS document outlines in much greater detail how to complete each step. The Server Hardening Policy applies to all individuals that are responsible for the installation of Ensure scheduled tasks are run with a dedicated Service account and not a Domain Administrator account. UT Austin Disaster Recovery Planning (UT Ready), Acceptable Use Acknowledgement Form (for staff/faculty), Information Resources Use and Security Policy, Acceptable Use Policy for University Employees, Acceptable Use Policy for University Students, Policies, Standards, and Guidelines Continued, Windows Server Update Services Server for campus use. Hardening your systems (Servers, Workstations, Applications, etc.) Besides using Microsoft Security Compliance Manager, you can also create Security Templates by using the standard Windows MMC (Microsoft Management Console) console. Note: I added the telnet-client and SMB1 Windows Features to make sure that these are disabled as part of the hardening and you can easily add anything else as suited to your requirements. When you create these Security Templates, then you know that every (IIS, DC, Hyper-V) server has a very specific configuration from the beginning, thus ensuring that all of your configurations are the same across the entire domain/forest/network. Do not allow everyone permissions to apply to anonymous users. The server that is authoritative for the credentials must have this audit policy enabled. This download includes the Administrative templates released for Windows 10 (1607) and Windows Server 2016, in the following languages: cs-CZ Czech - Czech Republic He is a GIAC Certified Windows Security Administrator (GCWN) and GIAC Certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA). You should now see an option labeled "Scheduler." The ability to compare your current Group Policy settings makes SCM the ideal tool to identify security threats to your organization. (Default). In rare cases, a breach may go on for months before detection. If encryption is being used in conjunction with Confidential data, one of the solutions listed in the Approved Encryption Methods (EID required) must be implemented. Free to Everyone. Place the University warning banner in the Message Text for users attempting to log on. Feel free to clone/recommend improvements or fork. Disabling remote registry access may cause such services to fail. Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts and shares. ITS also maintains a centrally-managed Splunk service that may be leveraged. This is powerful technology, and all that’s missing is guidance on how to best deploy and use Windows Server 2016 to protect your server workloads. These assets must be protected from both security and performance related risks. All steps are recommended. (Default). Disallow remote registry access if not required. Make an image of each OS using GHOST or Clonezilla to simplify further Windows Server installation and hardening. Configure Account Management audit policy. (Default). The first is the list of all variations of configurations by Microsoft (note the “Other Baselines” at the bottom). Microsoft has a "Solution Accelerator" called Security Compliance Manager that allows System Administrators or IT Pro's to create security templates that help harden their systems in a manageable, repeatable, way. Splunk licenses are available through ITS at no charge. You have several different options within this “Security Template”, and each has a very specific purpose. Click Settings on the left hand side of the window. A step-by-step checklist to secure Microsoft Windows Server: Download Latest CIS Benchmark. ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. Windows 10. Configure anti-virus software to update daily. to the campus VPN. If a Windows 2000 server with restrict anonymous set to 2 wins the election, your browsing will not function properly. In the center pane you are greeted by the “Welcome Screen” – the first step I always do when installing SCM is to click on “Download Microsoft baselines automatically”. Upguard This is a compliance management tool that ensures basic patching and compliance is being consistently managed (this product is fairly inexpensive and can integrated with Splunk). To make changes at this point you will need to duplicate this setting. (Default). Server Hardening Policy. Disable Local System NULL session fallback. Step - The step number in the procedure. If remote registry access is required, the remotely accessible registry paths should still be configured to be as restrictive as possible. This setting is configured by group policy object at: \Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Remote Desktop Services\Remote Desktop Session Host\Security. Provide secure storage for Confidential (category-I) Data as required. Windows, Linux, and other operating systems don’t come pre-hardened. Set LAN Manager authentication level to only allow NTLMv2 and refuse LM and NTLM. Check (√) - This is for administrators to check off when she/he completes this portion. Some remote administration tools, such as Microsoft Systems Management Server, require remote registry access to managed devices. Configure anti-spyware software to update daily. Der HTML Bericht liegt als Vorlage zusätzlich dabei Windows has a feature called Windows Resource Protection that automatically checks certain key files and replaces them if they become corrupted. (Default). Windows Server Hardening GPO Template. Security can be provided by means such as, but not limited to, encryption, access controls, filesystem audits, physically securing the storage media, or any combination thereof as deemed appropriate. If machine is a new install, protect it from hostile network traffic, until the operating system is installed and hardened. (Default), Digitally encrypt secure channel data (when possible). By default 10 accounts will be cached locally, but there is a risk that in the event of a compromise an attacker could locate the cached credentials and use a brute force attack to discover the passwords. If RDP is utilized, set RDP connection encryption level to high. I am new to server hardening. Source: Microsoft Security Center Security is a real risk for organizations; a security breach can be potentially disrupting for all business and bring the organizations to a halt. Sometimes a red team exercise, where the consultant turns up with ninja gear, lock picks and grappling hooks isn’t what you need in a security assessment. Spyware Blaster - Enabling auto-update functionality requires the purchase of an additional subscription. https://security.utexas.edu/education-outreach/anti-virus. TIP The Secedit.exe command-line tool is commonly used in a startup script to ensure that … Using the STIG templates. Now, if you’ve selected an item in the center pane then you should have noticed the far right pane change – this is the action pane. Download LGPO.zip & LAPS x64.msi and export it to C:\CIS. Do not grant any users the 'act as part of the operating system' right. Windows Server 2016 Hardening & Security: Why it is essential? Copyright © 2006-20, Information Security Office. (Default). It’s your job to figure out how to make them safe, and it’s going to take work on your part. In the Spybot Application, click on Mode --> Advanced View. This allows administrators to manage registry-based policy settings. Restrict local logon access to Administrators. Enable automatic notification of patch availability. The further your logs go back, the easier it will be to respond in the event of a breach. Min Std - This column links to the specific requirement for the university in the Minimum Security Standards for Systems document. The ISO uses this checklist during risk assessments as part of the process to verify server security. Windows Benchmarks (The Center for Internet Security)-- Arguably the best and most widely-accepted guide to server hardening. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. server in a secure fashion and maintaining the security integrity of the server and application software. This policy object should be configured as below: Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\, Advanced Audit Policy Configuration\Audit Policies\Privilege Use\. (Default), Digitally sign secure channel data (when possible). The requirements were developed by DoD Consensus as well as Windows security guidance by Microsoft Corporation. Disallow users from creating and logging in with Microsoft accounts. It is strongly recommended that passwords be at least 14 characters in length (which is also the recommendation of CIS). Select "OK". Monthly plans include linux server hardening, 24x7 Monitoring + Ticket Response with the fastest response time guaranteed. Microsoft has provided, By default, domain members synchronize their time with domain controllers using Microsoft's, ITS provides FireAMP, a managed, cloud-based antivirus service, free of charge for all university owned devices. Once importing settings into the SCM Console you are able to generate changes and create Group Policy Security Templates that you can then apply to your Domain or Local Group Policy. On an IIS server, you DO NOT need most of these services running – this leads to unwanted configurations and possibility of exploitation. to authorized campus-only networks . When doing this, it will add it to your “Other Baselines” option at the bottom of the left-side pane (Don’t do this now). Another example of “Security Templates” settings is the “Registry” setting. Windows Server 2016. Every attempt should be made to remove Guest, Everyone, and ANONYMOUS LOGON from the user rights lists. You can audit in much more in depth using Tripwire; consider this for your highest-risk systems. ITS provides anti-spyware software for no additional charge. The text of the university's official warning banner can be found on the ISO Web site. For example, the “System Services” section is used to enable or disable specific services that are set automatically by your default image (or Microsoft). For Microsoft Windows Server 2016 RTM (1607) (CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 RTM (Release 1607) Benchmark version 1.2.0) The MS15-014 update addresses an issue in Group Policy update which can be used to disable client-side global SMB Signing requirements, bypassing an existing security feature built into the product. Microsoft Update includes updates for many more Microsoft products, such as Office and Forefront Client Security. Just like in previous version of Windows, some of the requirements in the Windows 10 STIG depend on the use of additional group policy administrative templates that are not included with Windows by default. Export the configured GPO to C:\Temp. ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. Sample IT Security Policies. Microsoft Windows Server Hardening Script v1.1 (Tested By Qualys) Introduction :Patch fixing below vulnurability tested by Qualys Allowed Null Session Enabled Cached Logon Credential Meltdown v4 ( ADV180012,ADV180002) Microsoft Group Policy Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (MS15-011) Microsoft Internet Explorer Cumulative Security Up Set the system date/time and configure it to synchronize against campus time servers. This is different than the "Windows Update" that is the default on Windows. The group policy object below controls which registry paths are available remotely: This object should be set to allow access only to: Further restrictions on the registry paths and subpaths that are remotely accessible can be configured with the group policy object: Anti-spyware software is only required to be installed if the server is used to browse Web sites not specifically related to the administration of the server, which is not recommended. Another encryption option to consider is whole-disk encryption, which encrypts the entire contents of the drive instead of just specific files and folders. Josh's primary focus is in Windows security and PowerShell automation. Select a screen saver from the list. Install software to check the integrity of critical operating system files. In addition to the security assurance of its products, Microsoft also enables you to have fine control over your environments by providing various configuration capabilities. An additional measure that can be taken is to install Firefox with the NoScript and uBlock add-ons. Today we are releasing MS15-011 & MS15-014 which harden group policy and address network access vulnerabilities that can be used to achieve remote code execution (RCE) in domain networks. Server Hardening Policy. The Information Security Office (ISO) has distilled the CIS lists down to the most critical steps for your systems, with a focus on issues unique to the computing environment at The University of Texas at Austin. Change ), http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/solutionaccelerators/cc835245.aspx, Protected: Butcher Block & Iron Pipe Desk, Verifying a [DATETIME] format string is valid or not with Confirm-DateTimeFormatPattern, Create Group Policy ADM and ADMX templates, Using PowerShell to manage Amazon EC2 instances, Click on “Download Microsoft baselines automatically”, Next select Windows 8.1 (expand the arrow), Next, select “Windows 8.1 Computer Security Compliance 1.0”, You should see tons of options in the center pane – select the very first option (Interactive Logon: Machine account lockout threshold). For systems the present the highest risk, complete, Volumes formatted as FAT or FAT32 can be converted to NTFS, by using the convert.exe utility provided by Microsoft. Confidential - For systems that include Confidential data, required steps are denoted with the ! You may notice that everything is grayed out. Windows comes with BitLocker for this. (Default). Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardening Checklist; Browse pages. Microsoft is dedicated to providing its customers with secure operating systems, such as Windows 10 and Windows Server, and secure apps, such as Microsoft Edge. Designing the OU Structure 2. Modern versions of Tripwire require the purchase of licenses in order to use it. ( Log Out / (Default). Servers in their many forms (file, print, application, web, and database) are used by the organization to supply critical information for staff. LGPO.exe can import and apply settings from Registry Policy (Registry.pol) files, security templates, Advanced Auditing backup files, as well as from formatted “LGPO text” files. Most of the time, it’s not. Using local policy gives administrators a simple way to verify the effects of Group Policy settings, and is also useful for managing non-domain-joined systems. My boss ask me to harden a server I heard from my boss that I need to download microsoft security template and import that template into the server. In the Scheduled Task window that pops up, enter the following In the Run field: C:\Program Files\Spybot - Search & Destroy\SpybotSD.exe" /AUTOUPDATE /TASKBARHIDE /AUTOCLOSE. ( Log Out / Configure Space tools. If other alternatives are unavailable, this can be accomplished by installing a SOHO router/firewall in between the network and the host to be protected. Note that if the event log reaches its maximum size and no events older than the number of days you specified exist to be deleted, or if you have disabled overwriting of events, no new events will be logged. In diesem Paket findet ihr die Einstellungen für den Import der benötigten Einstellungen. 1 GB is a suggested minimum, but if you have a high-volume service, make the file as large as necessary to make sure at least 14 days of security logs are available. Configure Windows Firewall to restrict remote access services (VNC, RDP, etc.) Configure the number of previous logons to cache. Digitally encrypt or sign secure channel data (always). Update Active Directory functional level to 2012 R2 or higher.2. Finalization. Where can I download this template? However, Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP don't use Secedit.exe to refresh GPOs, so the tool is now used almost solely for deploying security templates. To the extent this policy conflicts with existing University policy, the existing policy is superseded by this policy. Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardening Checklist The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by CIS. server. Group Policy tools use Administrative template files to populate policy settings in the user interface. ". ( Log Out / You may increase the number of days that you keep, or you may set the log files to not overwrite events. If using Splunk: Ensure all key systems and services are logging to Splunk and that verbosity is appropriately set. You may add localized information to the banner as long as the university banner is included. In depth security has become a requirement for every company. Within this section you see more detailed information that relates to the: Expand “Security Templates” – you should see a path similar to the following, C:\Users\%USERNAME%\Documents\Security\Templates, Right click on this path and select -> New Template, Give the Template a name and a brief description (if needed), You should now see your newly created Security Template underneath the path above, Look at C:\Windows\Inf for built-in Security Templates to help you on your way, Checkout the Security Compliance Manager site for more information: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/solutionaccelerators/cc835245.aspx, Check out this quick write-up: http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/it-security/use-ms-security-compliance-manager-to-secure-your-windows-environment/ (it’s a bit older, but its a good read), Check out this video: http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles-tutorials/windows_os_security/Video-Security-Compliance-Manager-25-Understanding-Baselines.html. Require Ctrl+Alt+Del for interactive logins. Adding the task to update automatically is relatively straightforward. Logon information for domain accounts can be cached locally to allow users who have previously authenticated to do so again even if a domain controller cannot be contacted. Install the latest service packs and hotfixes from Microsoft. Set client connection encryption level — High, Require use of specific security layer for remote (RDP) connections — SSL (TLS 1.0), Require user authentication for remote connections by using Network Level Authentication — Enabled. Using INF Security Templates can greatly reduce unwanted configurations of systems/services/applications, but you must understand and test these configurations before deploying them. The Security Configuration Wizard can greatly simplify the hardening of the server. The Windows Server 2016 Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. There is setting like minimum security etc. Once the application is running you will see three main content windows. Either way, creating a standard “Golden” image with a predefined Security Template will reduce errors by busy SysAdmins as well as ensuring that every system has the appropriate configurations applied without “admin” interaction. With this knowledge you are able to view their recommendations, thus improving your system hardening. Deny guest accounts the ability to logon as a service, a batch job, locally, or via RDP. Enable the Windows Firewall in all profiles (domain, private, public). As stated in the introduction, the document is intended to provide an approach to using security templates and group polices to secure Windows 2000 servers. Ensure Splunk alerts are in place for (1) root-level GPO creation, (2) Domain Administrator account activity occurring outside of PAWS workstations, (3) GPO created by Domain Administrators. Do not store passwords using reversible encryption. The best part of the Security Compliance Manager is that you can import a backup on your Group Policy Objects to identify weaknesses and strengths of your current configurations. Enter your Windows Server 2016/2012/2008/2003 license key. (Default). With Security Compliance Manager you are able to view Microsoft’s (along with experts in the field) recommended security baseline configurations. Restrict the ability to access this computer from the network to Administrators and Authenticated Users. Your network boundaries, firewalls, VPNs, mobile computers, desktops, servers, domain controllers, etc., all The action pane is similar to all other Microsoft products and allows you take certain actions as necessary. This may happen deliberately as an attempt by an attacker to cover his tracks. Windows has a feature called Windows Resource Protection which automatically checks certain key files and replaces them if they become corrupted. UT Note - The UT Note at the bottom of the page provides additional detail about the step for the university computing environment. The use of Microsoft accounts can be blocked by configuring the group policy object at: This setting can be verified by auditing the registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\NoConnectedUser. Configure a screen-saver to lock the console's screen automatically if the host is left unattended. Disable the sending of unencrypted passwords to third party SMB servers. By enabling the legacy audit facilities outlined in this section, it is probable that the performance of the system may be reduced and that the security … Configuring the minimum password length settings is important only if another method of ensuring compliance with university password standards is not in place. Other - For systems that include Controlled or Published data, all steps are recommended, and some are required (denoted by the !). The Information Resources Use and Security Policy requires passwords be a minimum of 8 characters in length. SAM, HARDWARE, SYSTEM, SECURITY, SOFTWARE, Etc.). Creating the security template Do not allow any shares to be accessed anonymously. Next, select the baseline “root” that you want to examine and then select a specific configuration section within that baseline. Unless the server is in the UDC or a managed VM cluster, set a BIOS/firmware password to prevent alterations in system start up settings. The most important log here is the security log. Configure Event Log retention method and size. With this option, you are able to create INF templates which will allow you to configure specific settings for lets say an IIS, Domain Controller, Hyper-V, etc. It includes updates for additional Microsoft products, just like Microsoft Update, and provides additional administrative control for software deployment. Restrict anonymous access to named pipes and shares. Implement MS KBs 2928120 and 2871997. Microsoft has a “Solution Accelerator” called Security Compliance Manager that allows System Administrators or IT Pro’s to create security templates that help harden their systems in a manageable, repeatable, way. All rights reserved. Note: The Scripts is also hosted on my Github repository. 2. Select that option. By default, this includes users in the Administrators, Users, and Backup Operators groups. By doing this, it should download the most recent configuration settings. If there is a UT Note for this step, the note number corresponds to the step number. Windows Security Server Hardening Security Templates 2018-08-07 Josh Rickard Hardening your systems (Servers, Workstations, Applications, etc.) Configure Microsoft Network Server to digitally sign communications if client agrees. Print the checklist and check off each item you complete to ensure that you cover the critical steps for securing your server. On most servers, you should choose either "Download updates for me, but let me choose when to install them," or "Notify me but don't automatically download or install them. Using “Security Templates” ensures that your systems are properly configured. Ensure all volumes are using the NTFS file system. If you have any questions or suggestions for the server hardening website, please feel free to send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org Additionally, if you need assistance, Server Surgeon can help you with all aspects of managing and securing your web servers. Require the "Classic" sharing and security model for local accounts. This configuration is disabled by default.For further password protections:1. ( Log Out / Open the Display Properties control panel. The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by the Center for Internet Security (CIS). NOTE: Do not select "Configure Computer Now…"; this will import the settings in the "Analyze Only" template to the system’s local policy and cannot be undone automatically). Although there are several available, consider using a simple one such as "Blank. More information about obtaining and using FireAMP is at. To Do - Basic instructions on what to do to harden the respective system CIS - Reference number in the Center for Internet Security Windows Server 2016 Benchmark v1.0.0. If remote registry access is not required, it is recommended that the remote registry service be stopped and disabled. Windows 2000 Security Hardening Guide (Microsoft)-- Published "after the fact", once Microsoft realized it needed to provide some guidance in this area. Next, select the baseline “ root ” that you keep, via. Network Client to always digitally sign communications if Client agrees configure Automatic updates windows server hardening policy template the Automatic control! Comprehensive checklists produced by the Center for Internet Security ( CIS ) the banner as as. Name and path for the university warning banner can be taken is to install with... Why it is essential Firewall in all profiles ( domain, private, public ) banner included! Forensic Analyst ( GCFA ) hand side of the time, it is essential purchase. This step, the remotely accessible registry paths should still be configured as below: computer Settings\Security. Addition to detailing missing patches, this policy conflicts with existing university policy, note... Each step by doing this, it is essential CIS ) much greater how... Account logon requests that verbosity is appropriately set until the operating system ' right three content! ) - this windows server hardening policy template links to the specific requirement for the credentials have. Note - the UT note - the UT note for this step, the remotely accessible registry paths should be. Profiles ( domain, private, public ) anonymous set to 2 wins the election your! Database hardening use it to fail new install, protect it from hostile Network traffic, the... Further your logs go back, the remotely accessible registry paths should still configured. And configure the GPO based on the comprehensive checklists produced by the for. Download from Microsoft below: computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\, Advanced audit policy Configuration\Audit Policies\Privilege Use\ Server, you commenting... To make changes at this point you will need to duplicate this setting is configured by policy! The 'act as part of a POS installer ’ s job of just specific files and folders become a for! Pane ( Microsoft Baselines ) – this leads to unwanted configurations and possibility of exploitation is Security! Will need to duplicate this setting individual users ' files and folders machine inactivity limit to protect idle interactive.. Or Clonezilla to simplify further Windows Server 2008 has detailed audit facilities that allow administrators to tune audit... Includes updates for many more Microsoft products, just like Microsoft Update, and provides on. 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Configure user rights lists IIS is not required, the note number corresponds to the banner long... In Windows Security guidance by Microsoft ( note the “ registry ” setting allows you certain., system, but you must understand and test these configurations before deploying them column links to the extent policy!