Monitor the patient/victim for signs of whole-body (systemic) effects. Novaexcel 140, 150, F 5, ST 100, ST 140, or ST 300, Novared 120UF, 120UFA, 120VFA, 140, 280, C 120 or F5. ... epilepsy, gutta serena, asthenia facilis, chronic lead poisoning, a list which shows a very good idea of the range of action of Phos. carbohydrate, 4 dialysis, hyperalimentation, prolonged intravenous administration of phosphate-free fluids, metabolic … The Element. Heart is one of the many organs affected by the YP. Phosphorus reacts violently with oxidants, halogens, some metals, nitrites, sulfur, and many other compounds, causing a fire hazard. There is white phosphorus (also described as yellow), red, violet, black – and most recently pink has been added to the list. See the Decontamination section for decontamination procedures. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. This will cause deep severe burns and possibly serious poisoning. Phossy jaw, formally known as phosphorus necrosis of the jaw, was an occupational disease affecting those who worked with white phosphorus (also known as yellow phosphorus) without proper safeguards. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Saving Lives, Protecting People, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Emergency Response Safety and Health Database, AMMONIA SOLUTION (UN 3318); AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS (UN 1005), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. For information on who to contact in an emergency, see the CDC website at emergency.cdc.gov or call the CDC public response hotline at (888) 246-2675 (English), (888) 246-2857 (Español), or (866) 874-2646 (TTY). CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Immediately place any particles of white phosphorus that are removed into a container of cold water to reduce risk to medical personnel and others. Organophosphates are typically colorless-to-brown liquids at room temperature… Causes of Phosphorus Deficiency. In this chapter, the terms white phosphorus and phosphorus are used to refer to P Phosphorus reacts violently with oxidants, halogens, some metals, nitrites, sulfur, and many other compounds, causing a fire and explosion hazard. Indoor Air: White phosphorus can be released into indoor air as smoke. 10-11(2):650-652. Walsh ME, Taylor S [1993]. The case can be confirmed if laboratory testing was not performed because either a predominant amount of clinical and nonspecific laboratory evidence of a particular chemical was present or a 100% certainty of the etiology of the agent is known. It was most commonly seen in workers in the matchstick industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries. 2 Elemental yellow phosphorus, but not red phosphorus, interferes with various physiological functions. A NIOSH-certified CBRN PAPR with a loose-fitting face-piece, hood, or helmet and a filter or a combination organic vapor, acid gas, and particulate cartridge/filter combination or a continuous flow respirator for air levels greater than AEGL-1. Phosphorus poisoning (PP) occurs after accidental exposure to white (also synonymously termed yellow) phosphorus. Smoke may be released from the burn site from the continued burning of white phosphorus or the formation of phosphoric acid. PHOSPHORUS POISONING I960 - 1969 Miles, I.E. 1, 2 They cause initial gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, but progress to systemic multi-organ failure (MOF), most prominently cardiotoxicity and acute liver failure (ALF) which are often fatal. Phosphorus is an essential dietary mineral found naturally in many foods and beverages such as milk, dairy products, meat, fish, eggs, nuts, beans and some fruits and vegetables. Avoid allowing water runoff to contact the spilled agent. (Dark.) They cause damage to the cornea, including perforation, inflammation of the interior of the eyeball (endophthalmitis), and abnormal turning out of the eyelid (ectropion). Phosphorus, red MSDS Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification Product Name: Phosphorus, red Catalog Codes: ... Color: Red. refrigerated body. It is formed as a result of oxidation of phosphorus, causes moxibustion. See the PPE section of this card for detailed information. If evidence of shock or low blood pressure (hypotension) is observed, begin intravenous (IV) fluid administration. Vigorous irrigation with cold water is the best way to remove white phosphorous embedded in the skin. I have placed Nux vomica and Terebinthina as the antidotes. Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements, or confined areas. What are synonyms for phosphorus poisoning? Chronic poisoning is caused by long-term exposure to the body of phosphoric acid, its vapors and most often observed in the production. Phosphorus 7723-14-0 Hazard Summary White phosphorus is used in the manufacture of munitions, pyrotechnics, explosives, smoke bombs, in artificial fertilizers, and rodenticides. I probably should have done a necropsy. Properties: The melting point of phosphorus (white) is 44.1°C, boiling point (white) is 280°C, specific gravity (white) is 1.82, (red) 2.20, (black) 2.25-2.69, with a valence of 3 or 5. Phosphorus is a decided irritant to the sexual organs in either sex, producing nymphomania in the female and satyriasis or uncontrollable sexual desire in the male. Phosphine (PH3) is a chemical raw material and a doping agent (deliberately added impurity) for solid-state electronics components. Color: the intensity of color depends on the amount of hemoglobin in the blood . phosphorus poisoning. SUMMARY 1. 133:203-6, Sept, 1972. It seems to antidote Phosphorus by chemical action in rendering it inert. In some cases, revised Proposed values may be posted on this Web site, but the revised Proposed Technical Support Document for the chemical may be subject to change. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. A NIOSH-certified CBRN full-face-piece SCBA operated in a pressure-demand mode or a pressure-demand supplied air hose respirator with an auxiliary escape bottle. ... the whole lower jaw as far as ascending rami and down to reflection of mucous membrane is denuded and of leaden greyish color. 2. Remove the patient/victim from the contaminated area and into the decontamination corridor. Perform a thorough external evaluation and a preliminary identification check. JAMA 1976;235:1343-66. A NIOSH-certified CBRN tight-fitting APR with a canister-type gas mask or CBRN PAPR for air levels greater than AEGL-2. Cut phosphorus under water with a knife! ment is most important during the acute phase of phosphorus poisoning. Outdoor Air: White phosphorus can enter outdoor air as smoke. The red allotropic form of elemental phosphorus is intermediate to the black and white varieties in reactivity. For large fires, use cold water spray or fog. Decontaminate remains before they are removed from the incident site. The significance of the period of remission or latent period is discussed. White phosphorus is extremely toxic to humans, while other forms of phosphorus are much less toxic. Phosphorus will spontaneously ignite if exposed to air. chocolate or coffee brown colour. This color could be a worrisome sign of many things. Remove the SCBA after other PPE has been removed. Food: White phosphorus cannot be used to contaminate food. If shortness of breath occurs or breathing is difficult (dyspnea), administer oxygen. Smoke may be released from the burn site from the continued burning of white phosphorus or the formation of phosphoric acid. White phosphorus fumes cause severe irritation and the sensation of a foreign body in the eye. 5 synonyms for phosphorus: atomic number 15, P, daystar, morning star, Lucifer. Total phosphorus analysis requires strong oxidizers and digestion at an elevated temperature. Phosphorus has valence 3 or 5 in compounds, which have many uses in industry. If breathing has ceased (apnea), provide artificial respiration. Elemental phosphorus exists in a number of allotropic forms. pink coloured lividity. Begin tracking remains using waterproof tags. CDC twenty four seven. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic poisoning of people working unprotected with white phosphorus leads to necrosis … This allotrope of phosphorus is extremely toxic and the estimated human lethal dose is 50 - 100 mg. White phosphorus causes severely painful, partial (second degree) to full thickness (third degree) burns, which have a characteristic yellow color and garlic-like odor. Organophosphorus poisoning is often diagnosed based on characteristic symptoms and signs such as a pungent garlic-like odor, small pupil size, slow heart rate and increased secretions. However, if you must, personnel should wear the appropriate PPE during environmental decontamination. Ingestion of elemental white or yellow phosphorus typically causes severe vomiting and diarrhea, which are both described as “smoking,” “luminescent,” and having a garlic-like odor. Heating white phosphorus in the presence of an oxygen-free and inert atmosphere produces red phosphorus. 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