He later said that the troops were initially demoralized and in poor condition, racked with rampant drug use and disciplinary problems as well as a lack of support from home. [87] Schwarzkopf planned supply lines for the 50,000 troops initially sent to Saudi Arabia, tapping Major General William G. Pagonis as director of the logistical operations, with US Air Force cargo aircraft landing supplies at Dhahran and US Navy ships offloading troops and supplies at Dammam. [103], The air campaign against Iraq began on January 17, 1991, after 139 days of planning and buildup. Schwarzkopf later recounted many officers and NCOs he met in the assignment "had no sense of duty or honor, and who saw the world through an alcoholic haze. [73] His leadership style stressed preparedness, discipline and rigorous training, but also allowed his troops to enjoy the luxuries they had. [32], During CENTCOM military exercises in July 1990, termed Internal Look '90, Schwarzkopf wrote up a scenario that tested how the command would respond to a regional dictator invading a neighboring country and threatening oilfields there, which closely mirrored the rising tension between Iraq and Kuwait. Subsequent operations gave more authority to joint commanders in operations and doctrine and emphasized joint warfare doctrine over service-centered doctrine. [120], Schwarzkopf returned to the United States after the Gulf War as a national hero, and his ability to effectively deal with the press left him a positive image. [19] The family moved to Geneva, Switzerland, in 1947, following a new military assignment for Herbert Schwarzkopf. 28 December 12 The commander of the allied forces in the 1991 Gulf war earned the nickname Stormin' Norman. Although a medevac was on its way, Schwarzkopf ordered his UH-1 Huey to remove the wounded. James F. Amos 4. [89] Schwarzkopf arrived at the CENTCOM command in Riyadh on August 25,[90] and on August 29, he conducted his first front-line tour of the potential combat zone, accompanied by reporters. Promoted to colonel, Schwarzkopf volunteered for an assignment in Alaska, and in late 1974 became deputy commander of the 172nd Infantry Brigade at Fort Richardson, Alaska. Former president George H.W. [121] Queen Elizabeth II honorarily knighted Schwarzkopf and he was awarded many other military accolades from foreign countries. [97] Schwarzkopf believed that more troops would reduce the likelihood of high casualties. After the Vietnam War ended, Schwarzkopf stayed in the military and continued to rise up the ranks. So I think all wars of the future are going to be—and again, God forbid, I hope we don't have any. War is a profanity, it really is. Susan Y. Desjardins 18. If you recall, his nickname during this time was Stormin’ Norman. Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (/ˈʃwɔːrtskɒf/; August 22, 1934 – December 27, 2012) was a United States Army general. [148], Schwarzkopf was awarded the following military decorations:[149], This article is about the Gulf War general. [10], He attended the Community High School in Tehran, later the International School of Geneva,[23] and briefly Frankfurt American High School, in Frankfurt, Germany (1948–49), and Heidelberg American High School, in Heidelberg, Germany (1949–50). William Seward was a New York governor and U.S. senator before serving as secretary of state under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. [Note 2] He was also a member of Mensa. If that happens, it's inevitably going to be nuclear weapons and the whole thing. (The "H" stood for Herbert, a name Schwarzkopf senior hated so much he only gave his son the initial.) More than that, he was a good and decent man, and a dear friend." While serving as the commander of United States Central Command, he led all coalition forces in the Gulf War. Commanded the U.S. and allied forces in the Persian Gulf War (1991). Cheney doubted Schwarzkopf's ability to lead the Gulf War, and so Powell dealt with Schwarzkopf instead. Schwarzkopf earned a Masters of Engineering at the University of Southern California. Schwarzkopf, who was given the nickname … Born in Trenton, New Jersey, Schwarzkopf grew up in the United States and later in Iran. The military leader who earned the nickname Stormin' Norman was 78 years old. [140], In a 2012 book, historian Thomas E. Ricks wrote Schwarzkopf's lack of experience with politics were disadvantageous to his conduct of the war. [119] His accomplishments were praised very differently from commanders who returned from the Vietnam and Korean Wars. [101] In spite of the co-operation, he later said that he considered the Arab troops to be the least effective of the war. [125], Schwarzkopf died at age 78 on December 27, 2012, of complications following a bout of pneumonia. In June 1962, Schwarzkopf enrolled at the University of Southern California in a Master of Science in Engineering course studying missile mechanics, graduating in June 1964,[38] with a Master of Science in mechanical and aerospace engineering. For his leadership in the battle, Schwarzkopf was awarded the Silver Star. He had a good relationship with Saudi commander Khalid bin Sultan, who, in turn, helped Schwarzkopf win over the Saudi Arabian populace. W.H. Schwarzkopf was born Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. on August 22, 1934, in Trenton, New Jersey, to Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Sr.[2][3] and Ruth Alice (née Bowman). In 1946, when he was 12, he and the rest of his family moved to Iran to join their father, who was stationed in Tehran. [37][36], Schwarzkopf was promoted to captain in July 1961 and attended the Advanced Infantry School at Fort Benning for eight months,[36] and qualified for the Master Parachutist Badge. He frequently met with subordinates and Saudi commanders. His first assignment was as platoon leader, later executive officer, of E Company, 2nd Airborne Battle Group, 187th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Lieutenant General Charles Horner, USAF, ran the headquarters in Riyadh. [20] The senior Schwarzkopf visited Italy, Heidelberg, Frankfurt,[21] and Berlin, Germany during his military duties, and the younger Schwarzkopf accompanied him. In July 1959, Schwarzkopf was assigned his first overseas assignment; as a staff officer alternating with duties as a platoon leader, liaison officer, and reconnaissance platoon leader[36] with the 6th Infantry Regiment in West Germany. [72] As a part of his duties during the posting, he sat in on arms reduction talks with leaders from the Soviet Union. [109], Schwarzkopf began his ground campaign in earnest at 04:00 on February 24, with the Saudi-led Arab forces attacking into Kuwait City, while two US Marine Corps divisions struck at the oil fields, and the VII Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps on the left flank struck quickly to cut off the Iraqi forces from the west, which would later be known as his "Left Hook" strategy. In doing so, another mine was set off, killing three and wounding Schwarzkopf's artillery officer. "[35], He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1958. His father worked on the infamous 1932 kidnapping case of Charles Lindbergh's son and later served in World War II. Bush remembered him as "a true American patriot and one of the great military leaders of his generation," adding "Schwarzkopf, to me, epitomized the 'duty, service, country' creed that has defended our freedom and seen this great nation through our most trying international crises. Schwarzkopf was not vocal about his political opinions during his military career. They were introduced at a West Point football game in 1967 and married the next year. At first, Schwarzkopf was ambivalent during the run-up to the Iraq War in 2003. [134][135], The quick and decisive results of the Gulf War were attributed to Schwarzkopf's leadership. [24] He eventually graduated from Valley Forge Military Academy. In retirement, Schwarzkopf served as a military analyst for NBC. H. Norman Schwarzkopf KCB (/ˈʃwɔrtskɒf/; 22 August 1934 – 27 December 2012), also known as Norman Schwarzkopf, was a United States Army general. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Nicknamed "Stormin' Norman" because of his hot temper, Schwarzkopf was known for wearing desert camouflage and for his straight talk during the Persian Gulf War. [80], Initially believing that the Iraqi Army would advance only to the Rumailah oil field, Schwarzkopf was surprised when the Iraqis captured Kuwait City. [139] However, in an analysis of the effects of the Gulf War, several historians, including Spencer C. Tucker, contended that Schwarzkopf's ceasefire agreement allowed Iraq to continue to fly armed helicopters, which allowed it to later conduct operations against its Shia Arab and Kurdish populations. When weapons of mass destruction were not located in the country after the invasion, he changed his stance. Schwarzkopf commanded the coalition that drove the Iraqis out, and earned himself the nickname Stormin' Norman for his military success, for his … A much-decorated combat soldier in Vietnam, Gen Schwarzkopf earned his nickname for a notoriously explosive temper. The troops called him Stormin’ Norman, but never in earshot of commanding officers, the name given him for his reputed temper; however, the troops had called him that for different reasons.General (4-star) Norman Schwarzkopf was called such a nickname because of his attitude about winning in combat and wars. Resistance was lighter than Schwarzkopf expected, and Iraqi troops surrendered in large numbers. [100] Schwarzkopf's experience in the Middle East allowed him to understand the factors surrounding the conflict, including the allied commanders, with greater ease. He supported John McCain in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. After a number of initial training programs, Schwarzkopf interrupted a stint as an academy teacher and served in the Vietnam War, first as an adviser to the South Vietnamese Army and then as a battalion commander. Schwarzkopf and his group fought continuously for several days. [146] However, several high-profile reports publicized the CENTCOM strategy. In December 1969, he gained his first field command, taking over the 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry, 198th Infantry Brigade at Chu Lai. Schwarzkopf volunteered to fight in the Vietnam War in 1966. Wayne A. [40] He got his first combat experience on August 3, when he was the senior adviser to a force of 1,000 South Vietnamese paratroopers sent to relieve a beleaguered South Vietnamese Army force at Đức Cơ Camp. While serving as Commander-in-Chief, United States Central Command, he led all coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War. Initially tasked with defending Saudi Arabia from Iraqi aggression, Schwarzkopf's command eventually grew to an international force of over 750,000 troops. General William Westmoreland later arrived to review the incident and congratulate Schwarzkopf. "[138] The later accomplishments of General Tommy Franks during Operation Enduring Freedom were compared favorably with those of Schwartzkopf. [84] U.S. commanders from the beginning wanted a quick conflict characterized by decisive, overwhelming force, as opposed to the gradual escalation of U.S. involvement as had been seen in Vietnam. Though he declined to identify Iraq specifically as a threat, he noted a regional conflict was the most likely event to destabilize the region and that noted Iraq's ceasefire with Iran meant it was continuing to grow and modernize its military. He shared his life experiences in his autobiography, It Doesn't Take a Hero, which was published the following year. Norman Schwarzkopf was a Vietnam War veteran, commander of the U.S. Central Command and a four-star general in the U.S. Army. [6] In January 1952, the younger Schwarzkopf's birth certificate was amended to make his name "H. Norman Schwarzkopf", reportedly because his father detested his first name. Schwarzkopf graduated from West Point and … [124] Schwarzkopf sold the rights to his memoirs to Bantam Books for $5,000,000. Scott C. Black 5. Peter de la Billière, commander of the British contingent, and Michel Roquejeoffre, commander of the French contingent, also co-operated well with Schwarzkopf. He pushed for offensive combat over defensive operations in the Gulf War. [44] Schwarzkopf later recalled this second tour of duty was very different from his first; there were now 500,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam, the strategy of Vietnamization was in full effect, and recent events such as the Tet Offensive and My Lai Massacre had put US combat troops under increased political scrutiny. [121] Schwarzkopf indicated a desire to retire from the military in mid-1991. [48] He aggressively stepped up patrols and operations to counter Viet Cong infiltration in the battalion's sector. Thurman. Ricks further criticized Schwarzkopf for failing to relieve General Frederick M. Franks Jr. as well as other subordinates who Schwarzkopf said, in his memoirs, were ineffective. [26] Schwarzkopf graduated valedictorian out of his class of 150,[27] and his IQ was tested at 168. In 1983, he was made a major general and several years later became a four-star general and commander of the U.S. Central Command. He was later questioned about running for political office, but, considering himself an independent, expressed little interest in doing so. [4][5] His father was a 1917 graduate of the United States Military Academy and veteran of World War I. Schwarzkopf's degree did not include a specific major, as was then common among West Point graduates, because he planned a career in the military and wanted a degree of freedom to choose its direction himself. Trudy Clark 14. [58][59] In October 1976, he moved to Fort Lewis, Washington, to command the 1st Brigade of the 9th Infantry Division,[60] where he impressed his division commander, Major General Richard E. Cavazos. He was married to Brenda Holsinger. [75] In a second role, Schwarzkopf served as the Army's senior member on the Military Staff Committee at the United Nations Security Council, where he began to build diplomatic skills in dealings with representatives from other countries. In January 1952, Schwarzkopf's birth certificate was amended to make his name "H. Norman Schwarzkopf." At one point, he braved heavy North Vietnamese fire to recover and treat a handful of wounded South Vietnamese soldiers and escort them to safety. Norman Rockwell illustrated covers for 'The Saturday Evening Post' for 47 years. In early 1990, he testified again before the Senate Armed Services Committee in threat-assessment hearings that the Cold War was ending and that it was less likely the Soviet Union would exert military force in the region. [19] In July 1960, Schwarzkopf was assigned as aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Charles Johnson, who commanded the Berlin Brigade in West Berlin. [64] He returned to Washington, DC, for an assignment as director of personnel management for the Army, subordinate to the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, General Maxwell R. From West Point, the younger Norman Schwarzkopf served his country in Europe and all over the United States. Howard Altman: Schwarzkopf's daughter acquires film rights to book about him Pretty much from the moment he was born, the life story of Norman Schwarzkopf read like a movie script. Despite his nickname of ‘Stormin’ Norman’, he planned military campaigns meticulously. William G. Boykin 8. Let’s start with General Norman Schwarzkopf. [57] He underwent surgery at Walter Reed Army Hospital shortly after his return from Vietnam to repair longstanding back problems exacerbated by parachute jumps. Rising through the ranks after the Vietnam war, he later commanded the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division and was one of the commanders of the Invasion of Grenada in 1983. Downing 19. Schwarzkopf also gained a great respect for certain military leaders at West Point, notably Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman and Creighton Abrams, believing them excellent commanders who nonetheless did not glorify war. Looking back further, we find the name Schwarzkopf was originally derived from the Old German words "schwartz," meaning "black," and "kopf," meaning "head." The seemingly no-nonsense Desert Storm commander's reputed temper with aides and subordinates supposedly earned him that rough-and-ready moniker. [17] In Iran, Norman learned shooting, horseback riding, and hunting. When Norman Schwarzkopf was eight years old, his father returned to the military amid World War II. [144], In fact, Schwarzkopf believed extensive press coverage would help build public support for the war and raise morale. A highly decorated United States Army officer, he is best remembered as the Commander of US Central Command, and was commanded the coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War, from which he received the nickname "Stormin' Norman." Norman Schwarzkopf was born on August 22, 1934 in Trenton, New Jersey, USA as Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. Norman Schwarzkopf Dead Born: 8/22/1934 in Trenton, New Jersey, USA Died: 12/27/2012 Age: 78 Cause of death: pneumonia Full name: Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. Norman Schwarzkopf, in full H. Norman Schwarzkopf, original name Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., (born August 22, 1934, Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.—died December 27, 2012, Tampa, Florida), U.S. Army officer who commanded Operation Desert Storm, the American-led military action that liberated Kuwait from Iraqi occupation during the Persian Gulf War (1991). Plagued by a cracked vertebra, he underwent back surgery at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in 1971. West Point approved his request in early 1965, stipulating that he would return and complete his remaining obligation afterwards. "[133] While Colin Powell would say Schwarzkopf's strengths outweighed his weaknesses, Dick Cheney personally disliked what he considered Schwarzkopf's pretentious behavior with subordinates. 1. General Norman Schwarzkopf (born 1934) earned the moniker Stormin' Norman during the Persian Gulf War, when he became famous for planning a strategic … He oversaw the strikes from his war room in Riyadh, emerged from his command center late in the day on January 18 to speak to the press, and said the air war had gone "just about exactly as we had intended it to go." His frequent short temper with subordinates was well known in his command. [26] His large frame, 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) in height and weighing 240 pounds (110 kg), was advantageous in athletics. Schwarzkopf's speaking fees topped $60,000 per public appearance. [145] Schwarzkopf's strategy was to control the message being sent and so he ordered media on the battlefield to be escorted at all times. Schwarzkopf was highly decorated in Vietnam and was awarded three Silver Stars, two Purple Hearts, and the Legion of Merit. "[128], During his tour of duty in Vietnam, Schwarzkopf developed a reputation as a commander who preferred to lead from the front, even willing to risk his own life for his subordinates. [129] Like German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General George S. Patton, Schwarzkopf highly regarded decisiveness and valued determination among his commanders. "[137] Atkinson further contended that in his leadership during the Gulf War, Schwarzkopf conducted one of the greatest military campaigns of all time, providing the United States with its "first battlefield hero in decades. After graduating in 1956 with a degree in engineering, Schwarzkopf later earned a master's degree in the subject from the University of Southern California. On November 7, 1994, Schwarzkopf won $14,000 for the Boggy Creek Gang on Celebrity Jeopardy! The good relationship between the allied commanders allowed their forces to co-operate effectively during the operation. In May 1989, he gave the commencement address at the Valley Forge Military Academy. [61] Having been very successful in improving the combat readiness of the 1st Brigade, he was nominated to receive his first star as a brigadier general. The parents of one soldier blamed him for the death of their son, a claim that Schwarzkopf strongly denied and termed an accident of war. A hard-driving military commander with a strong temper, Schwarzkopf was considered an exceptional leader by many biographers and was noted for his abilities as a military diplomat and in dealing with the press. General Norman Schwarzkopf has died. Schwarzkopf expected the war to last several weeks and had anticipated chemical weapon attacks by the Iraqi forces, which did not occur. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Schwarzkopf didn't stay away from military matters completely, however. [70] Schwarzkopf helped lead the initial landing operations while he was aboard USS Guam. On February 17, 1970, two men in C Company, 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry were killed by friendly fire from an American artillery shell that had been ordered by Schwarzkopf but had struck a tree near their position on its way to a target. Schwarzkopf was selected over a more popular choice, Vice Admiral Henry C. Mustin because commanders considered him an accomplished strategic thinker, who had experience both in combat and with diplomacy and had great knowledge of the Middle East from his childhood experiences there. He was on several occasions encouraged to run for United States Senate or President of the United States as a member of the Republican Party, but showed no interest. He assumed command of CENTCOM, with his headquarters at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida, and was promoted to general. As the buildup continued, Schwarzkopf was occupied with planning an offensive operation against the Iraqi units along the border, sometimes working 18-hour days in planning, assisted by a close group of aides. Norman Schwarzkopf was born on August 22, 1934 in Trenton, New Jersey, USA as Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. [63] He then served a two-year stint as assistant division commander of the 8th Infantry Division (Mechanized) in Germany. By Conal Urquhart, Guardian UK. H. Norman Schwarzkopf was born on August 22, 1934, and grew up in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, with his two older sisters, Ruth Ann and Sally. [79] One week after the end of the exercises, Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Schwarzkopf then accompanied Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney to meet with Saudi King Fahd to convince him to allow U.S. troops into Saudi Arabia to counter the Iraqi military. [44], After ten months of combat duty, Schwarzkopf was pulled from the front by MACV and reassigned as senior staff adviser for civil affairs to the ARVN Airborne Division. [126], Schwarzkopf endorsed George W. Bush in the 2000 U.S. presidential election and the 2004 U.S. presidential election. WASHINGTON (AP) — Truth is, retired Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf didn't care much for his popular "Stormin' Norman" nickname. He died on December 27, 2012 in Tampa, Florida, USA. [8][Note 1] The younger Schwarzkopf had two older sisters, Ruth Ann and Sally Joan. [96], Schwarzkopf devised an operational plan, dubbed "Operation Desert Storm," to be based on overwhelming force and strong infantry attacks supported by artillery and armor. [44] The couple would later have three children: Cynthia, born in 1970; Jessica, born in 1972; and Christian, born in 1977. [1] [2][Note 3], Commissioned into the Army as an Infantry second lieutenant, Schwarzkopf reported to the United States Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, where he attended the Infantry Officer Basic Course and earned his Parachutist Badge from October 1956 to March 1957. In June 1983, he became commanding general of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) at Fort Stewart, Georgia. His plan for direct and overwhelming force was initially criticized in Washington as uncreative. He became an instant national celebrity and the source of great curiosity by the general public. [121] Schwarzkopf later wrote it would have been a mistake to continue the offensive and capture all of Iraq, noting that the U.S. would likely have had to pay the entire cost of rebuilding the country. On July 1, 1986, he was promoted to lieutenant general, and was reassigned to Fort Lewis as commander of I Corps. [110][111], Within 90 hours, his force had destroyed 42 of 50 Iraqi Army divisions at a cost of about 125 killed and 200 wounded among American troops,[112] and about 482 killed, 458 wounded among all of the coalition. He was also a member of the chapel choir. He was critical of the lack of a reconstruction plan after the fall of Baghdad, feeling the initial offensive operations plans did not take into account the cultural complexities of Iraq. [45], Schwarzkopf was promoted to lieutenant colonel and ordered to a second tour in Vietnam,[19] leaving in June 1969. D.H. Lawrence is best known for his infamous novel 'Lady Chatterley's Lover,' which was banned in the United States until 1959. [73] Specifically, the operation demonstrated a need for greater joint roles in planning, deploying troops, and communicating operations. eneral Norman Schwarzkopf who commanded allied forces in the … [55], Disgruntled by the treatment of Vietnam veterans in the United States after the war, Schwarzkopf considered leaving the military but ultimately decided to stay in the hope of fixing some of the problems encountered by the military during the war. Funeral of General Norman Schwarzkopf Feb 28, 2013, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation, Republic of Vietnam Civil Actions Unit Citation, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge, Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge, Knight Commander in the Military Division of Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal, Distinguished German-American of the Year, "Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Schwarzkopf supported a number of charities, including children's organizations. He was a "soldier's general". [30], In his plebe year, he was given the nickname "Schwarzie," the same as his father, and he was often pushed by older cadets to imitate his father's radio show as a traditional act of hazing. [28][29] Schwarzkopf then attended the United States Military Academy, where he played football, wrestled, sang and conducted the West Point Chapel choir. That's a huge question, to my mind. His father was a 1917 graduate of the United States Military Academy and veteran of World War I. He became a general in the late 1970s and served as the deputy commander of the U.S. forces during the 1983 invasion of Grenada. That year, his command began planning to counter an Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, seeing it as a likely conflict that would threaten the interests of the United States. [59] Schwarzkopf favored the intense press surrounding the Gulf War conflict, feeling that blocking the news media, as had been done in Grenada, would contribute to affect public perception of the war in the United States negatively. George W. Casey, Jr. 11. He was reportedly killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett, who later burnished the legend of the Wild West outlaw. William Howard Taft, the 27th president of the United States, fulfilled a lifelong dream when he was appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court, becoming the only person to have served as both a U.S. chief justice and president. [121], Following his retirement, Schwarzkopf attained a status as celebrity, and was highly praised in the news media. At times he can be an overbearing bastard, but not with me. After an initial orientation at Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), headquartered in Saigon, Schwarzkopf was sent north to Pleiku in the central highlands, in the II Corps Tactical Zone. Nicknamed "Stormin' Norman," General Norman Schwarzkopf was known for his fiery temper and his keen strategic mind. [50] He also showed a preference of leading from the front and prided himself on avoiding the rear areas, which he called a "cesspool. [68], On October 25, 1983, Schwarzkopf was appointed to the command group for the Invasion of Grenada. His connection with the Persian Gulf region began at an early age. He was assigned as executive officer to the chief of staff at MACV headquarters, based at Tan Son Nhut Air Base in Saigon. [143] He staged visible media appearances that played to patriotism. [49] He developed his leadership attitudes during this command. He would later push for more policies to make joint warfare, and interservice co-operation standard practice in warfare. [2][54] Still, his experiences in Vietnam embittered him to foreign policy. The two frequently hunted together and developed a close friendship. He also worked as a public speaker, giving lectures around the country. Nicknamed “Stormin’ Norman,” Schwarzkopf was known for being a hard, strategic commander with a temper, but earned much respect by handling the press and diplomats with poise. His father was also called General H. Norman Schwarzkopf. He also worked to minimize the culture clash among foreigners in sharia-dominated Saudi Arabia, such as the high visibility of women in military roles. In 1968, he attended the Army's Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, completing the course in June 1969. Their father was Colonel H. Norman Schwarzkopf, who served in World War I and founded the New Jersey State Police. Bantz J. Craddock 16. He was an actor, known for The American President (2000), Brats: Our Journey Home (2006) and The Hidden Wars of Desert Storm (2001). 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