, “consider,” “bring your mind to bear upon,” “observe so as to see the significance,” as in Luke 12:24, , though it is sometimes, as in Acts 11:6; Acts 27:39, used in its classical sense “perceive”. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (6) But Christ as a son over his own house. Home » Bible Commentaries » Hebrews. Study Hebrews 3 using Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Probably, is here used slightly in the Old Testament sense of the word, (see note on. Apostle. He is not the created thing, He is the Creator. It might have been otherwise. And as humanized Sufferer (Hebrews 2:9-18) he is our High Priest. The word apostle means one who is sent on a mission with authority to speak and act. Moses kept the law and was a good example to Israel save in some point of weakness, but Christ perfectly carried out his Father’s commission, and he is worthy of more honour than Moses. But there is no reason to assign to any other meaning than its usual N.T. “Think what these great truths about Jesus mean. You have been long called out of Egypt and brought into the separate place in this wilderness world: be careful to be fit for the Divine indwelling. Of our profession—Or, rather, confession. We hence see that in this connection the “heavenly calling” is to be taken most suitably as a call to heaven. I'm not adamant about it, but you will see in my commentary notes here a frequent reference to Paul's authorship. When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. We note here that Jesus combines the two positions of authority and priesthood, something that Moses could not cope with. Our St. Paul will now so unfold both as to confirm their view of the grandeur of the exaltation, and reconstruct their view of the equal grandeur and pathos of the humiliation. And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after; but Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. So Christ has entered into the holy place as our accepted Messenger and Priest. 5 “Moses was faithful as a servant in all God’s house,”[ a] Thus does He combine within Himself that which had been too great a burden even for Moses. Gospel. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; “Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling.” What wonderful titles! And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? , here, is used very much in the sense of, , to denote the permanent state resulting from permanent obedience to the call, and which has solidified into the correlative. Hebrews 3:13-14. 13:1–2). It is because of His High Priestly work that they can be His house and enter into rest. “With them that had sinned” says the 17th verse, “to them that believed not” says the 18th verse. 3:17, 18: It was not the intention of God, in revealing to us a marvellous "calling" into which He had foreordained us, to have us become negligent. Context Summary. Here for the first time the writer designates his readers, and he does so in a form peculiar to himself (the reading in 1 Thessalonians 5:27 being doubtful) , “Christian brethren,” literally “brethren consecrated,” separated from the world and dedicated to God. God calls us through the message of the Good News (John 6:44-45). Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. In giving of the law God spoke on earth, but He now speaketh from heaven. The promise is left to somebody, it does not say to us -- “a promise being left of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.” Not come short of it but even seem to do so. What God proclaims we 'confess.'. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Apostle and High Priest of our profession -, shaalach- “to send.” The word denoting “apostle” -, shaliyach- is derived; and it is not improbable that Moses would be regarded as being by way of eminence the one “sent” by God. Hebrews 3:7-13 Hearts Are Hardened Through Sin. Hebrews 3:1-6 Jesus is Greater Than Moses. delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders) in that He is the One God sent to reveal the Father to humankind (cf. A proper account of this matter was necessary; 1st, Because the title of Jesus to remove the Mosaic economy, and to substitute the gospel dispensation in its place, was founded on the power which he possessed as the Son of God and Heir of all things; 2d, Because many of the Jews, in the persuasion that the law of Moses was of perpetual obligation, and that its sacrifices were real atonements for sin, rejected Jesus as an impostor for pretending to abolish these institutions. But he came from the wilderness not from Heaven, and he was too weak to bear the burden alone so that Aaron became the High Priest. It was not exclusively directed to them. ‘Apostle and High Priest.’ He was sent from God to His people from Heaven (John 3:13; John 3:16-17; John 3:31; John 3:34; John 5:36-38; John 6:29 etc.) Each presents a thought complementary of that contained in high priest: “as Apostle Jesus pleads the cause of God with us; as High Priest He pleads our cause with God” (Bengel). Let your minds penetrate deeply into the significance of these facts.” Whom God sent.Apostle means: one who is sent on an important mission. — Ed. Hebrews 3:1–6 explains how Moses, while a powerful and faithful servant of God, is not the ultimate example for us to follow. Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways. ‘Consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus.’ Having this wonderful privilege they are to fix their thoughts on Jesus as the Apostle and High Priest of the faith they confess. It is certainly partly in order to confirm that He is the complete Deliverer but it surely also has in mind that before Sinai Moses was both Trek Leader and ‘High Priest’ of Israel. By Him the Gospel was first promulgated. Read Introduction to Hebrews. me, even so send I you.” The twelve were the human apostles of Christ; Christ was the divine, , speaks to us as antithesis to the whole body of prophets, (, or Legate, Christ is super-angelic representative of God on earth; he is ruling. “Holy brethren,” made brethren in holiness and made holy in our brotherhood, -- “partakers of the heavenly calling” — called of God from among the worlds. Believers are represented as sanctified by the blood of Christ, chap13:12, as Israel was sanctified or set apart as God's peculiar people by the blood of the Sinai covenant. But Christ was sent. The....high priest of our profession. (Witham) --- Jesus Christ is not only our apostle, he is the doctor, the legislator or the religion we profess. (Hebrews 2:11) It should bless and encourage us that Jesus calls us His holy brethren. the very imprint of his being, and who sustains all things by his mighty word. He concludes the preceding doctrine with a necessary exhortation, that the Jews should attentively consider what sort of being and how great Christ is. The Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. is added to preclude the possibility of error. ), God grant that none of this congregation may be of that mind, who having named the name of Christ and being known as his people, continue to grieve him one way and another, to put him to the test by their doubts to make him angry by their sins. ): , but here another sense is intended.] And as humanized Sufferer (, ) he is our High Priest. In this sense, Moses was sent by God. We here see our dignity: we have a God for the apostle and high priest of our religion. 1:2, 8). of them who are "saints" by calling, Rom. Our “Hebrews” here addressed rejoiced in the grandeur of the divine Apostle, the glorious Messiah, but were shrinking almost to apostasy from the degradation of the High Priest, the suffering Messiah. Christ is also here called our apostle, i.e. Philippians 3:14, "the high calling;" Greek, 'the calling above. NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. Our calling as Christians is not just earthly but also heavenly. Moses was but a part of the house after all, a prominent stone in the building, but Christ is the builder, builder of the house, foundation, topstone of it. 4 For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything. The Lord, the Spirit, calls upon the Church, to pause, and contemplate, the Person of Jesus. (Hebrews 3:1) The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. Jesus both brought the message from God and is also High Priest. Wherefore, [ Hothen (Greek #3606)] - 'Whence;' i:e., Seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper, you ought to 'contemplate attentively,' fix your mind on Him, so as to profit by the contemplation (Hebrews 12:2). Apostle and High-priest of our profession; Consider the Apostle an High-priest of our profession, &c. οὐ γὰρ τῆς κατὰ νόμον λατρείας ἀρχιερεύς ἐστιν. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus. ‘Partakers of a heavenly calling.’ Their being sanctified by Jesus has made them partakers of a heavenly calling. 8:30 says that they were foreordained before this calling. High Priest— Briefly unfolded in Hebrews 1:14-14, (as Apostle is in Hebrews 1:1-13,) and fully developed in Hebrews 4:14 to Hebrews 10:18. This Apostle and Priest the Hebrews had acknowledged as their own (of our profession, or confession rather), and it became them to be faithful as confessors to Him they had in this double office accepted. A “confession” does not always involve that its significance is seen. Israel has an earthly calling and an earthly destiny. He is not designated here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, through He is "the Angel of the Covenant." Compare Ephesians 2:19, ‘fellow-citizens with the holy ones (His people)’. My Christian brothers. Scripture also asserts that these were "called with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before times of ages" (2 Tim. He gives the Hebrews a proper caution; the word is, Take heed, blepete —look to it. Want of faith brings want of holiness, and when we abide in the faith we abide in obedience. By wandering off, one way or another, away from the living God. (1) Wherefore.—The address which here begins (the first direct address in the Epistle) bears the same relation to all that has preceded, as Hebrews 2:1-4 bears to the first chapter. To be brethren of Christ requires a life of righteousness ( Matthew 12:50), hence Paul calls these people by the term italicized. Only here applied to the Lord. That is, of the faith we confess, or profess. Every once in a while, I am tempted to add a verse or two at the beginning or end of the lectionary reading to fill out its literary context. While the saints are exhorted to "walk worthily of the calling wherewith they were called" (Eph. Holy brethren.—United in one brotherhood in virtue of a common sonship (Hebrews 2:10) and of a common brotherhood (Hebrews 2:11) with Jesus, Him “that sanctifieth” (Hebrews 2:11). The Holy Ghost is here still preaching Christ. Sinning and not believing seem to go together. It seems strange so few commentaries written from a Torah-perspective have been forthcoming from the pool of Messianic teachers in our time. Hebrews 3:1-6 is situated in the first major division of the letter (1:5-4:13). He had before exalted Christ as a teacher above all the prophets, including no doubt Moses among the rest; but here refers to Moses as the leader of the people, as one sent especially by God to conduct them from Egypt through the wilderness to the land of Canaan. This was in contrast with Moses. 1:11, 12) yet note, they did not obtain the "calling" by excellent behavior, nor lose it by failure, but enjoyed it in a faithful walk. The Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus.—The best MSS. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. Hebrews 3:12. Consider then ’ “the Apostle and high priest of our confession, Jesus,” the single article brackets the two designations and Bengel gives their sense: “ . He shews the awful State of Unbelief! "Apostle" (lit. Consider—Steadily contemplate and study. occurs in this Epistle nine times by itself, thrice with . Remember who it is you follow, with whom you are brethren. CHRIST IS BETTER THAN MOSES; CHRIST GREATER THAN MOSES; BOTH CHRIST AND MOSES ARE FAITHFUL; CHRIST TO RECEIVE GREATER GLORY; EXHORTATION AGAINST APOSTASY; WARNING FROM THE FATE OF ISRAEL. To build a house is a trivial matter, but Jesus, verily God, has built/made all that exist (John.1:1-3, 14); He has built the Israelite nation in which Moses was only a caretaker, and He has built His Church which is to share eternity with Him. "Profession" corresponds to God having spoken to us by His Son, as Apostle and High Priest. As Moses especially was the prophet by whom 'God in time past spake to the Fathers' (Hebrews 1:1), being mediator of the law, Paul shows that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. “But Christ as a Son” — far higher degree -- “Christ as a son over his own house,” of which he is the heir, of which he is even now the sole proprietor -- “whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.” None are truly Christ’s but those who persevere in grace. 3 who is the refulgence of his glory,. “Think what these great truths about Jesus mean. Paul compares Him as an Apostle to Moses, as High Priest to Aaron. You see what kept many of your forefathers out of Canaan, and made their carcasses fall in the wilderness; take heed lest you fall into … (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. Further, the Jews applied the word ” -. But there is further significance in the additional , “partakers of a heavenly calling” (cf. 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